We’ll see whether Joe Biden’s razor-thin lead in Georgia holds up, as the state begins the painstaking process of conducting a hand count of almost 5 million votes.

But even if the audit finds enough errors to erase the Democratic president-elect’s 14,000-vote margin in that state, the result will illustrate how much Georgia has changed, and by contrast how little Mississippi has.

For most of the 155 years since the Civil War, Mississippi and Georgia were nearly ideological twins. Because of their antipathy for the political party that presided over the defeat of the South, they went monolithically Democratic until the 1960s. But when Democrats in Washington began the push to undo segregation and other forms of racial discrimination, white Southern Democrats began to look for another political home. The exodus hastened as the national Democratic Party went further to the left on social issues, most prominently abortion rights in the 1970s and gay rights in the past decade.

Thus, the once solidly Democratic South became solidly  Republican. In the 14 presidential elections held between 1964 through 2016, Georgia only gave its electoral votes to a Democratic nominee three times — native son Jimmy Carter twice and another moderate Southerner, Bill Clinton, once. Mississippi was a little more stark, only going for Carter on his first campaign.

Over the past few years, however, the former Southern soulmates have been diverging. Mississippi remains dominated by Republicans, while Georgia is steadily moving toward political parity. A Democrat almost won the governor’s race in 2018, Biden is poised to win the state against Donald Trump, and two sitting Republican U.S. senators have been forced into runoffs in January against Democratic opponents.

One can argue over which state is the more enlightened, but there’s no debating about why Georgia is changing politically: It is attracting loads of people, many of them young or recent immigrants, as a result of its urban magnet of Atlanta and its economy that was booming before the pandemic. Georgia now has better than three times the population of Mississippi and more than five times the gross domestic product.

People gravitate to where they feel comfortable. When a state is viable for both political parties, it shows that it is open to a wide spectrum of beliefs and ideas. It creates a healthy give-and-take in government that often produces a better result than when one side is so dominant that it can ignore the other.

It would be incorrect to say that the differences between Mississippi and Georgia are the differences between the Old South and the New South.

All the South is new to a degree. Racial attitudes throughout the region are better, education levels are higher, economies are more diverse, and newcomers are welcomed from other parts of the country and generally other parts of the world. But there’s a “New South” and a “Newer South.” The political patterns show which is which.

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